people still present mobilized at Bobbili and migrated to near by districts after downfall of Bobbili.Subsequently, they migrated to Bonagiri via khammam and Warangal districts.Finally,they have reached to karimnagar and Adilabad.
Later sri.Jangal Krishnamohan Rao has revealed the story relating to his family.It has also revealed the way yellapus worked under Nizam.
Over a period of time, to verify information or to gain it,i visited some places.Interestingly, on my visit to tamilnadu, i gained certain information and processed it and published.It is a tremendous information.Similarly, i moved in some parts of Andhra pradesh too.
The fact is that the casualties amongst this caste are more and they are in very few number.It supports the fact that they stood in front in the army and many of them lost their lives.The hero stone at elagandula and veerapuja among this caste confirms(pooja to died war heros at young age ) the front line soldier concept and their sacrifying nature.This is also evident from the wars such as Bobbili war and war between kakatiyas and delhi during prataparudra.
The word of vellapu is continuing as surname to some people in warangal district suggests that
Traces of North
The traces of Rajasthani names and places in the form of surnames are still in vogue in Yellapus, such as Avari, Gujjeti, penchala and saini. Among this Gujjeti and Avari are the names of clans among the Gujjers, penchala is a Gujjer dominated village and saini is a name of a kshatriya clan dominant in Rajasthan and Gujarath. The migration patterns and family names also proves that Yellapus have connection with Gurjara-pratihara dynasty and their families.
Hence, I propose that the yellapus are belongs to the Gujarath, and Rajasthan and they migrated to U.P. and Bihar.They merged with the local people.Later,they started migrating to the South India from the neighboring areas of Delhi. It is supported by a surname, Jangeti, a name of a village near Meerut in U.P. It may reveal their relation with U.P and neighboring areas of Delhi. It is exactly matching with the place of living of Yellapus, which is near Delhi, before migrating to other places. We can also relate some of their migration from Europe and Russia basing on their Gotras and family names, which was quite natural in case of warrior tribes. But i confine myself to India only. Many Yellapu elders reveal in their oral stories that their ancestors are from the neighbouring areas of Delhi.
There are many hindhi words as surnames in yellapus,such as dadi,puppala(one who belongs to uncle,which is a mixed word of hindhi and telugu).It means they lived in hindhi region for long time.The surnames Chanda(a maharastra town on the borders of A.P),perkari and cherukuthota suggests that these people lived in viderbha region before migrating to A.P.Also,the presence of yellapus in central India and Maharastra/vidarba region suggests us that the migration took place through these regions in to the Andra Pradesh. The time of the migration may be after downfall of Rastrakutas and during the early kakatiyas.The reason for migration is for regaining the lost employment.
In Maharastra also we can notice the amalgamation of some people into the Yellapus.The families of Karnavattula may be the people lived in the city of Karnavathi. In fact when Yellapus migrated to Delhi from Rajasthan, Karnavathi was not established. Hence, the people may be later amalgamation is correct or otherwise, they would have went there and come back.Even today, there is presence of saini families in Nagpur, which is in the migratory route of Yellapus.
But, one sure fact is that, Yellapus were present in the kakatiya kingdom and got the lands for their loyal service. They might not conquer the kakatiya region. The family name of Bethi in yellapus made it clear that yellapus were either related to Betharaju, the early king of kakatiyas, or worked under his patronage.It clears that yellapus are present in Andhra Pradesh by the time of Betha Raju.It is also discussed in the caste that while other castes were opposing the preference given to velamas by the kakatiya prataparudra-2, yellapus served kakatiyas loyally and fought for the kingdom valiantly, even after the gates of the fort was opened. It has improved the friendship between yellapus and velamas and continued up to present days. It has also opened the opportunities for the yellapus in future.There is one surname Recherla also exists in Yellapus, who were the loyal associates of kakatiyas.The surname Jampala proves that these people were present at Jampanna vagu, may be for consolidating the power of kakatiyas.
Worth disuccable point is that Where did velamas and Yellapus met for the first time? Velamas are belongs to Bihar and started migrating after downfall of Nandha Kingdom. Some Yellapus are belongs to Bihar and started migrating to South from Delhi and its surroundings. They have become prominent in palanadu area and at later stages joined the kakatiya kingdom. But, Yellapus entered into the A.P. through Maharastra and was part of kakatiyas dur ing early kings. Thus, they met in kakatiya kingdom only for first time.
During this period yellapus have also came in contact with Gavaras also.There are historical evidences of common surnames,such as dadi.
One interesting story was revealed by Sri.Praveen, an advocate in the Hon'ble Highcourt.During the Prataparudra-2 the Delhi Sultans were trying to defeat the kakatiyas by one way or other.They started negotiating with the different sections of the Army.They contacted the yellapu nobles.These people were at the strategic locations. The question of the muslims was that what was the reward for the Yellapus for protecting the borders of kakatiya kingdom for 200 years.Some yellapu nobles was started thinking about the reality.They assured many lands.
This has created suspicion in the mind of Prataparudra.He tried to curb certain yellapu nobles.one of them was King of Polasa(presently in Karimnagar).He was forced to retreat in to the forest and later to his Son- in-law at medaram, pagidigiddaraju, who is believed as koya warrior.But, he appraised me that he is belongs to yellapu community.It is pertinent to mention that pagidididderaju(one who wears the pagidi or turban, a north indian tribal tradition) is the right pronounciation .But later it would have corrupted to pagidigiddaraju.This clarifies the close relation between koyas and yellapus.
The pagidi would have worn to protect the hair(koppu).There is presence of many koppula families in yellapu community. pagidididderaju may be ancestor of these families. Also Jampala families may be related to this family.
The rest of the story is very well known to every one in the form of sammakka sarakka story, the Jathara,which attracts the worlds second largest gathering.The courageous fighting was believed to be later inherited by the yellapu women, to protect their kith and kin ,during the absence of male members.
to briefly narrate, sammakka is the wife of Pagidigiddaraju and sarakka is daughter.When he failed to pay the kappam during the famine, kakatiyas started war on this tribal kingdom.When the tribals were on the verge of defeat and all the kith and kin are wounded or died, sammakka started killing the kakatiya armies ferociously.But,she was shot treachorously from the back.Consequently, she was disappeared after retreating from battle ground.
I also remind that Koyalagudem and yellagiri is in close geographical contiguity at Rachakonda hills, revealing their close relation even after downfall of kakatiya dynasty.
on the other hand the remaining yellapu nobles were loyal to prataparudra. But, the borders were neglected.The absence of warriors in the route of delhi to warangal created weakness.When the delhi sultans were launched their final attack on kakatiyas, there were not even five soldiers were present in kagaznagar area, according to one historian.Thus , delhi king has reached the kakatiya capital at an early, not allowing the prataparudra to make arrangements for war.Through the strategic negotiations with yellapu and other warriors, delhi has created the suspicion in the minds of kakatiyas, which made to lost the unconditional support from the warrior communities.
Though i have many doubts in the story told, but there are some substantial evidences to believe certain facts.
After the kakatiya downfall, yellellapus has no way but to move to vijayanagara kingdom for employment and to satisfy their military zeal. The presence of yellapus in Karnataka,Tamilnadu and Rayalaseema supports the view that they have definitely migrated to vijayanagara kingdom.There are many surnames relating to these areas supports this view.It is also possible that before migrating to vijayanagara Kingdom atleast some of these people would have worked under the kings of Rachakonda velamas.After the fort city falls into the hands of Bahamani kingdom in the year 1433,they would have migrated to vijayanagara.Thus, some people would have directly joined the vijayanagara and some people joined at a later date.The surname of Rachakonda supports this view.As per the historical citations, there were en-masse migrations of nayakas of erstwhile kakatiyas to vijayanagara kingdom after the downfall of musunuri kapayanayaka in 1370.
The details of the villages are as follows:
The similar village names of vellapalayam is existing in Erode, Nagapattinam, Madurai districts.This may be also due to the influence of the caste in those days of vijayanagara kingdom in Tamilnadu.I have already mentioned the village name of Vellakulam on the name of this caste, existing in Tirunalvelvi district.
Vellapalayam is a small village in Sembanar Koil Taluk in Nagapattinam District in Tamil Nadu State. Sembanar Koil, Mayiladuthurai, Sirkazhi, Nadungadu, are the near by Towns to Vellapalayam . Vellapalayam is reachable by Anandtandavpur RailWay Station , Vithisvarankol RailWay Station , Nidur RailWay Station , Mayiladuturai J RailWay Station , . Its main Village Panchayat is Mudikandanallur Panchayat .
The address and accessibility of the villages are as follows: Address Post Office Vellapalayam B.O (Branch Post Office), ERODE , Dist. : ERODE , State: TAMIL NADU , PIN - 638315 Postal Divison ERODE Office Description Branch Post Office TALUK ERODE Postal Circle TAMILNADU District ERODE PIN Code 638315 OFFICE Vellapalayam B.O Postal Region COIMBATORE State TAMIL NADU
Pariyur Vellapalayam is located in Madurai district that comes under Tamil Nadu, India. Pariyur Vellapalayam is a popular place of Madurai district. The clear evidence of village names on the surnames, which I have already mentioned is Avaraikulam, Chettikulam.As per the Gavara website, the villages on the name of dadi surname also exists in Tamilnadu and Karnataka.
Rapole Ramkumar Bharadwaj has made greatest contribution for the yellapu community than what his elder rapole family members contributed is Identiying a plant name on yellapu community as follows: Vellapula” plant is a shrub. Edible fruit & medicinal plant using by tribal’s of Anamalai hills, western Ghats, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. Scientific name: Euphorbiaceae Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.).Its collecting season is summer.
Later I have searched on the similar lines and found two more plants on our family name.
1.Plant-Altternanthera Tenella(L) colla
Meaning of this plant is the precious plant for maidens found by vellapu community.It has proved that anti viral and anti microbial properties.Such plant is definitely very much useful to fight against many unknown viral and microbial born ailments.It is not out of place to mention that many tribals die due to such ailments.
2.Plant-Cleome monophylla L
The following things can be deducted from the above plant names on the Yellapu community as follows:
Thus, It reveals that Vellapus were migrated to those places during the Vijayanagara and only some families came back.One other significance is that Krisnadevaraya had sent his loyal soldiers to tamilnadu along with Vishwanatha naika to fight against his rebelled father against kingdom.Hence,it again proves the loyalty of Yellapu community to their rulers.
it is already discussed that Yellapus migrated from Warangal to vijayanagara kingdom and Nirmal areas. Some older people stayed at Warangal only. They have migrated to Khammam, Nalgonda and Krishna Districts. It is discussed in the caste that the king of the Nuzivid is also of Yellapu origin. Certain people in the Deshaipet area of Warangal town migrated to Krishna district and came back and established one colony.It is also learnt from Sri.Kandula Thirumal Rao that People of that area are still maintaining the relations with Nalgonda district also.They are continuing the suffix of Rayudu. They are also enjoying the political power.
Bobbili &Orissa and North coast
Vellapalem is a small village in Peda Bayalu Mandal in Visakhapatanam District in Andhra Pradesh State. Peda Bayalu, Hukumpeta, Munchingi Puttu, Paderu, are the near by Towns to Vellapalem . Vellapalem is reachable by Padua RailWay Station , Darliput RailWay Station , Gorapur RailWay Station , Bheja RailWay Station , . Its main Village Panchayat is Vellapalem Panchayat .
People migrated during the war have stayed in Khammam, Warangal and Nalgonda districts.
People migrated to Vijayanagaram and Srikakulam districts and agriculture as profession (mostly) have comparatively good living along with Velamas.
The people migrated to vishakapatnam district and who was following the Business during the Bobbilili war time is merged with Gavaras.
Some people migrated to Telangana area along with Velamas and living mostly in North Telangana after living in the areas of Vishakapatnam and other areas for some time .
The other people have stayed in the interior areas and continued to be in nomadic condition.
subsequently, yellapus have migrated to the Nalgonda district and stayed at the places of bhuvanagiri, parpelly, sunkishala, and Mothkur.There are evidences of staying of this people at thimmapur, koodali,phanigiri,etc, The surname of bonagiri reveals two things. One, yellapus stayed at these places. Second, these people have migrated to the karimnagar district during the period influenced by the English, as the pronunciation of Bhuvanagiri has changed to Bhonagiri or Bhongir during that period only. The formula of migrate and forget the stayed people has effectively implemented here also. But, this did not happen in case of velamas. The migration to the karimnagar district is taken from the wider horizons of Bhongir division and suryapet division, in contrary to the earlier expectations of bhongir town alone.
Another interesting fact is that Uncles of Mr.Rao is also using the Rayudu as suffix to the name. Actually, it is being used for the vassals of Kakatiyas.
One interesting point in the migration of Yellapus from Nalgonda to karimnagar district is that these people migrated from different revenue divisions, that are bhongir and suryapet.The villages/others indicated in the surnames are Bonagiri, Rapole, paruvelli, sunki. To explain Bonagiri is a town.Rapole is a corrupt form of Rayaprolu, a temple name in suryapet.parupalli is a village name in rajapet mandal in Bhongir division,6 K.m.away from Mandal Head Quarter.Sunki and sunkara are famous surnames in over all nalgonda district.Thus, it is beyond any doubt that Yellapus migrated to karimnagar district from different divisions of Nalgonda district.The great man behind this migration is not traced by me.But it is a miraculous act to bind the people of different places and provide them safety during the migration and later.Another superb facet is that other caste people also migrated with this people. Some other caste people of nalgonda are still living in khanapur with Yellapus.
Interestingly, the migrations from the Nalgonda distict was very much long ago of more than 20 years. It is led by kaluvala family. They have been supporting many people to reach there and providing sensitive support after reaching
History of B.C. certificate
Eligibility: I feel that Yellapus have certain following eligibilities to access the B.C. Certificate (It is not needed at this time, but it is as a matter of information to young people);
During the tour the lead was taken by my father Sri.B.Ganga Ram and Venka Rao, the then surpunch Surjapur. The then Tahasildar, Khanapur Sri. Gangadhar, a close friend of my father has taken the Commission to Surjapur. He has verified in the field and found that all are dependent on the Agriculture. Some other fellow B.Cs were also called (I remember even it took place in year 1994). They accepted to state that Yellapus are belongs to Backward Classes only. Later Sri.K.V.Kishan Rao is also stated before the Commission that Yellapus have migrated from Bobbili along with us and they are belongs to B.C. Community. This is a clear combined effort of many people, which is a rarity in the Telangana area.
- Oral stories of yellapu caste elders.
- Oral stories of dependent castes of yellapu.
- Oral stories of Velamas.
- Indian History- K.Krishna Reddy.
- Modern Karimnagar History
- Personal observation of author on present trends.
- B.C. welfare department website.